HYGIENE AND GENERAL CLEANLINESS TIPS

  1. Use a face-mask, especially in crowded places, and changing it every now and then.
  2. Use handkerchiefs when coughing or sneezing by covering the nose and mouth, and then eliminating them in the trash. In case there are no handkerchiefs at hand, use the upper arms rather than hands.
  3. In case there are no handkerchiefs at hand, use the upper arms, rather than hands, for covering the nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing.
  4. Maintain personal hygiene, bathing regularly, and washing hands well by using water and soap, or other disinfectants used for handwashing, especially after coughing and sneezing.
  5. Wash hands well, using water and soap, or the hand-sterilizing gel, especially after bathing, after coughing and sneezing, before eating, and when coming back to your residence.
  6. Change clothes every now and then.
  7. Pay close attention to the oral and dental cleanliness.
  8. Pay close attention to the cleanliness of accommodation on a daily basis.
  9. Avoiding spitting on the floor, since it is a hazardous source of infection.
  10. Face-masks are recommended at crowded and congested places, Even though handwashing is always necessary, it is even more necessary during Umrah.

FOOD POISONING

  1. Wash hands well before and after preparing food.
  2. Wash hands before and after eating.
  3. Cooked food should be eaten immediately.
  4. Wash fruits and vegetables well before cooking or eating.
  5. Keep away from uncovered food as it may become decomposed.
  6. Verify expiry date when buying canned foods and drinks.
  7. Avoid storing cooked food in buses or transportation.
  8. Remember that storing cooked food for more than two hours in the room or bus may lead to the growing bacteria, causing food poisoning.

HEAT EXHAUSTION AND SUN STROKES

  1. Drink enough liquids regularly.
  2. Avoid exposure to the sun for long, and use an umbrella when necessary. Light colored umbrellas are recommended.
  3. Avoid making excessive effort, and keep to take sufficient sleep after performing rituals, so as to restore energy.
  4. Loose and light colored cloths are recommended. Don't use heavy cloths.
  5. Areas of Frequent Heat Injuries:
    1. Tawaf during circumambulation of the Ka'ba, especially at midday times.
    2. Sa'I, while walking between Safa and Marwah, especially in cases of crowding and high temperature.
    3. Arafat at midday time.
    4. Mina, the places of slaughtering the sacrificial animals and stoning), due to the long distance and congestion.
  6. Travel documents will be issued where appropriate in the following ways:
    1. Collection by You
    2. Sent by post to your address by recorded or special delivery
    3. Collected at the airport
  7. On the onset of the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion or sun strokes indicated by high body temperature, headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, thirst, and/or cramping of the abdominal and leg muscles one should:
    1. Getting away from the sunny to a shady place
    2. Cooling the body by cold water
    3. Taking enough sleep
    4. Taking antipyretics and painkillers when necessary
    5. Heading for the nearest health centers in severe cases.

PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC DISEASES

  1. Consult with a Doctor before setting out for pilgrimage to assess health situation.
  2. Take sufficient medications.
  3. Take medicines on time.
  4. Adhere to the doctor's instructions, such as following a certain diet.
  5. Put on the wrist strap, or the information card, which shows your name, age, disease, the kind of treatment, address and contact information.
  6. Always share with fellow pilgrims about your disease and proper medications, so that they can help you when necessity be.
  7. Avoid making too much effort, and use the legal concessions due to health situation, when the conditions of such concessions are true.
  8. Head for the nearest health center when necessity be.
    1. While preforming rituals in Makkah and Madinah some common associated diseases are:
    2. Respiratory diseases
    3. Gastrointestinal and digestive disorder
    4. Food poisoning
    5. Dermatology and skin diseases
    6. Dry eye
    7. Sun strokes and heat exhaustion
    8. Nausea
    9. Diarrhea
    10. Constipation

HEART AND HYPERTENSION

  1. Visit own doctor before departure to make sure of the ability of performing the pilgrimage and to receive proper health tips.
  2. Take care of your medicines, storing them in a proper way and in a proper and reachable place.
  3. Consume medicines on time, especially during performing the rituals that requires physical efforts during Tawaf, Sa'I visit to other places.
  4. Under all circumstances, if one is conducive to sustain Angina pains, immediate consultation with the doctor to be done. Be aware to holding Nitroglycerine tablets, taken below the tongue, with making a point of bringing such tablets wherever you go.
  5. Avoid excessive physical efforts and use the wheel chair during the Tawaf and Sa’I.
  6. Head to the nearest health centers if the chest pain worsened to conduct the necessary medical care.

  1. Consult with a Doctor before setting out for pilgrimage to assess health situation.
  2. Take sufficient medications.
  3. Take medicines on time.
  4. Adhere to the doctor's instructions, such as following a certain diet.
  5. Put on the wrist strap, or the information card, which shows your name, age, disease, the kind of treatment, address and contact information.
  6. Always share with fellow pilgrims about your disease and proper medications, so that they can help you when necessity be.
  7. Avoid making too much effort, and use the legal concessions due to health situation, when the conditions of such concessions are true.
  8. Head for the nearest health center when necessity be.
    1. While preforming rituals in Makkah and Madinah some common associated diseases are:
    2. Respiratory diseases
    3. Gastrointestinal and digestive disorder
    4. Food poisoning
    5. Dermatology and skin diseases
    6. Dry eye
    7. Sun strokes and heat exhaustion
    8. Nausea
    9. Diarrhea
    10. Constipation

DIABETICS

  1. It is better to identify one as a diabetic patient by wearing a bracelet around the wrist or holding an identification card including prescribed medicine in order to receive necessary help when needed.
  2. Carry Glucometer to determine the glucose rate daily and regularly, especially when feeling the level of glucose has impaired.
  3. Make a point to inform nearest companion in the residing quarter and the doctor of the convoy that you are suffering from the diabetes.
  4. Carry own diabetic medicines and following a diet in line with the diabetes educator's tips.
  5. Ensure to keeping the insulin (Type 2) cool during movement and store through proper ice pack (thermos) or in the refrigerator, when in the accommodation.
  6. Carry a snug pair of socks to protect feet from any ulcers, and avoiding walking barefoot.
  7. It is recommended to start Tawaf or Sa’I after taking the medicine and have enough food, in order to prevent reducing the glucose level of the body.
  8. Drink proper amount of water and repeatedly.
  9. Stop performing the rites if symptoms of the glucose level reduction such as shaking, giddiness along with fatigue and exhaustion, sudden feeling of hunger, excessive sweating or blurring, appear.
  10. Use own electrical shaving machine rather than the razor to avoid wounds and inflammation.
  11. Continue to consume light meals during the travelling and conduct of religious rites to avoid experiencing a severe reduction in glucose level.
  12. Carry disinfectants to treat skin inflammations when occurring.
  13. Treatment of the hypoglycemia and use some of below treatment (low blood sugar):
    1. Take a cup of sugary juice such as: orange, apple, and mixed fruits
    2. Two spoons of raisin
    3. Two spoons of honey,
    4. Two spoons of sugar stirred in a cup of water, or

ASTHMA

  1. Avoid crowded places fraught with dust and polluted with smoke emitting from vehicle exhausts pipes.
  2. Excessive strain and continuous movement.
  3. Pneumonia which could increase because of the crowd.
  4. Sudden change in temperatures.
  5. Consult respiratory diseases doctor to make sure of the stabilization of condition and your ability to travel.
  6. Adhere to taking medicines regularly whether they are tablets or inhalers.
  7. Take a great deal of rest repeatedly and avoid overcrowded places in order to prevent any asthma attack.
  8. Wear face-mask when needed, especially in the places gathering and crowdedness.
  9. Immediately head to the nearest health center or hospital when encountered with a severe asthma attack.

KIDNEY PATIENTS

  1. Consult Urologist to make sure to perform religious rites and receive proper health tips.
  2. Take prescribed medicines and store them in a proper, easily reachable place.
  3. Adhere to taking the medicines regularly and on time.
  4. Consume fluids and salts according to what is determined by the urologist previously.
  5. Consult group doctor or the nearest health center when any distress occurs to the body such as Gastroenteritis and urinary tract infections.
  6. Avoid exposure to the scorching sunlight for long periods to prevent losing the body's fluids and salts.
  7. Avoid consuming excess beef not to affect the kidney function.

EPILEPSY

  1. Epileptic patients whose illness can be controlled through medicines should only attempt to join religious ceremonies and rites performance.
  2. Keep group doctor informed of the illness.
  3. Carry adequate medicines.
  4. Avoid excessive strain and reactions.
  5. Ensure company of a relative while performing the rites in anticipation to any emergency.
  6. Head to the nearest health center or hospital when needed

MENSTRUAL CYCLE

  1. Consult gynecologist before undertaking religious rites with enough time line to make sure of how to take the pills and the proper dose.
  2. Be aware of some side effects for such pills of which there are nausea, headache, pains, mood swings, and nervousness.
  3. Each woman has their own nature, so they must consult the gynecologist to recognize suitable medicines, helping them perform the rites smoothly and easily.

PREGNANCY

  1. Consult an obstetrician in order to know if one could perform religious rites without sustaining any health complications.
  2. Make sure if necessary vaccination against meningitis and influenza can be administered before at least ten days before the departure.
  3. Ensure to carry all the necessary medicines.
  4. Be particular to wear right clothes, attire and shoes.
  5. Continue to have enough amount of fluids.
  6. Walk for little period every an hour or two to avoid the venous thrombosis of legs.
  7. Avoid crowding and to choose the proper times to perform the rites.
  8. If any feel of bleeding, abdominal contractions, migraine, or high temperature, please head to the nearest health center or hospital.

YOUNG CHILDREN

  1. Vulnerable to infection such as respiratory and digestive tract infections, or gastroenteritis.
  2. Likely to lose fluids than adults either because of the high temperature or due to lesser consumption of water.
  3. Exhaustion tires children leading to suppression of appetites; hence leading to the loss of the body fluids.
  4. May get displaced due to overcrowding.
  5. Put bracelet around the child's wrist showing their details.
  6. Ensure child has taken vaccinations including Escherichia coli bacterium (Haemophilus influenza) ten days before travelling.
  7. Ensure cleanliness and dryness of inner part of the body to prevent exfoliations.
  8. Immediately visit a doctor with symptoms of diarrhea, vomiting, and high temperature.

POST-RELIGIOUS RITES HEALTH ISSUE

  1. Considerable number of pilgrims undergo some common symptoms of health disorder after completing the religious rites involving strain, muscle pains and aches, headache, cold, laziness, irregular sleep, and complexion-darkening.
  2. Such complaints are result of exposure to sunlight beams, excessive movement without adequate fitness, and getting infected with cold and influenza.
  3. It is most consistent to visit your GP immediately on return to complete medical checkup and take advice.
  4. Dear pilgrim, you must have noticed during the Hajj period the importance of physical fitness and keeping up to the ideal weight, so make the Hajj journey a motive to advance the general health and physical fitness

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